Hukum Bahadur Singh
The party leading the revolution is the Communist Party, and Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is the guiding principle in the thought and practice of the Communist Party. This is something we all know. However, many of us are not sure what the communist idea or the idea in Mal सही is, and what the various parts or aspects of it are. What is needed is to delve deeper into the substance and to understand its inner meaning.
Let us now try to understand this meaning of the idea in Mal. At the time when Marx and Eagles were first developing and propagating the doctrine of communism, Eagles had drafted a pamphlet entitled The Principles of Communism in 1847. In it, he defines what communism is in the following very simple way: “Communism is a prerequisite for the liberation of the proletariat.”
Thus, Eagles, in his concise definition, explains that the basic quality of communist thought is the need for the ultimate liberation of the working class, the proletariat. This freedom is finally achieved by establishing a communist society. Stalin described it as follows: “Marxism is the science of laws governing the development of nature and society, the science of the revolution of the exploited and oppressed masses, the science of the victory of socialism in all countries, the science of the development of a communist society.” , Which answers various questions related to not only society but also the overall aspect of nature. Second, it is a science in the context of revolution, and this revolution is not like the previous capitalist revolutions of the rich bourgeoisie, but the revolution of the poor and the masses who have lived with great difficulty. And, third, it is the science of building a socialist and communist society. This science is now called Marxism-Leninism-Maoism after the theory developed by Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, who played the greatest role in its establishment and development. In addition to these three, the other two great masters were Frederick Eagles, a contemporary of Marx who worked closely with him to lay the foundations of Marxism, and played a key role in advancing Marxism after his death and Joseph Stalin after Marx’s death. Defended We must recognize the very important role they have played.
Marxism was first worked on more than 150 years ago by Marx with the help of Eagles. Theoretical Parts of Marxism: The Dialectical Materialist Philosophy and its Historical Materialism Concept of Materialism, The Marxist Political Economy That Discovered the Rules of Capitalism and Its Contradictions and the Value of Extra Value The work of preparation is done.
This is the Marxism of the imperialist era and the proletarian revolution. It was first developed by Lenin during the Russian Revolution in the late eighteenth century in the fight against opportunism of the Second International, and as the Third International was advancing the international communist movement, Leninism made the following important contributions, defending and developing Marxism. Under the first imperialism, the laws of motion of capitalism were discovered and it was predicted that they would have to take the imperialist powers to war. Emphasis was placed on the practice of proletarian revolution during the capitalist-democratic revolution, such as qualitative development and socialist revolution in the field of second theory. A clear understanding of the dictatorship of the Third Proletariat, as well as the first principles in terms of socialist construction, such as providing theories and practices for tribal movements and linking colonial movements and world socialist revolution to national liberation movements, developing a new type of party / Leninist party organizational theory. Stalin’s contribution to the defense and development of Leninism, especially during the period of socialist construction, to the rules and principles of governance is noteworthy.
This is an extension and development for the use of the Marxism-Leninism of the present age. It was developed by Mao during the course of the Chinese Revolution, during the process of socialist construction, in the fight against modern revisionism, and especially during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. The contributions of Maoism include the following features: The doctrine of contradictions, the development of the doctrine of knowledge and the formulation of the mass line of ‘from the people to the people’, Development of the theory of long-term people’s war and development of the theory of military war, 4. Development of organizational theory of the Proletarian Party based on the understanding of the two-line struggle, purification campaigns and criticism and self-criticism, 5. Based on Chinese and Soviet experience